Bergamot Essential Oil
Bergamot is a hybrid of bitter orange and lemon and is native to Italy and also grows in southern France. It grows on small trees, but the fruit is inedible. It is not related to Wild Bergamot (Monarda) or Bergamot Mint, both of which are in the mint family.
- Botantical Family: Rutaceae
- Part of Plant Used: Fruit rinds
- Method of Extraction: Cold-pressed
- Variations: Expressed Bergamot is the most common available version and is phototoxic, but Bergamot FCF (furanocoumarin free) has the bergapten removed which is what causes it to be phototoxic.
- Chemistry: Bergamot is high in Monoterpenes (limonene, b-pinene, gamma terpinene), Monoterpene Alcohols (linalool), Esters (linalyl acetate), and Furanocoumarin (bergapten).
- Digestive: Helps reduce the impact of stress-related digestive issues and nausea.
- Nervous System: Supports stress, sleep issues, nervous tension, depression, mood swings, and anxiety.
- Reproductive: Supports women's health and treats PMS symptoms.
- Skin: Used to support skin health especially when irritated skin conditions are present.
- Pregnancy: Can be used aromatically to combat nausea and to relieve stress during pregnancy and improve concentration.
- Babies & Children: uplifting, relieves anxiety, and clears the mind.
- Spiritual: Supports the Solar Plexus Chakra by harmonizing energies and relieving stress and negative emotions.
- Scent profile: Top note with a tarty citrus aroma.
- Longevity: The aroma of Bergamot can last up to 4 hours.
- Fragrance Classification: Citrus, Chypre, Fougere
- Blends well with: Angelica Root, Clary sage, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Lime, Mandarin, Neroli, Orange, Peppermint, Roman Chamomile, and Ylang Ylang.
- According to Tisserand & Young, expressed Bergamot is considered have a moderate risk of phototoxicity. Avoid the sun and UV exposure after apply bergamot to your skin for 12 hours. The maximum dermal limit is 0.4%
- Bergamot FCF (furanocoumarin free) has the phototoxic chemical bergapten removed and there are no known issues.
- Safe to use during pregnancy
Products Using Bergamot Essential Oil
- Arctander, Steffen. Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin. A Pathfinder Book Reprint Edition, 2017.
- Clark, Demetria. Aromatherapy and Herbs for Pregnancy, Birth and Breastfeeding. Book Publishing Company, 2015.
- “Flavor, Fragrance, Food and Cosmetics Ingredients Information.” The Good Scents Company, The Good Scents Company (Tgsc), 2019, www.thegoodscentscompany.com/.
- International Federation of Professional Aromatherapists. “PREGNANCY GUIDELINES Guidelines for Aromatherapists Working with Pregnant Clients.” International Federation of Professional Aromatherapists , IFPA, 2013, www.ifparoma.org.
- National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy. “Other Safety Considerations: Pregnancy.” National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy, naha.org/explore-aromatherapy/safety#other.
- Shutes, Jade and New York Institute of Aromatic Studies. "Foundations of Aromatherapy" and "Aromatic Scholars" Aromatherapy Certification Programs and Course Materials. 2017-2019.
- Tiran, Denise. Aromatherapy in Midwifery Practice. Singing Dragon an Imprint of Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2016.
- Tiran, Denise. “Is It Safe to Use Essential Oils While I'm Pregnant?” BabyCentre UK, BabyCentre Blog, July 2013, www.babycentre.co.uk/x536449/is-it-safe-to-use-essential-oils-while-im-pregnant.
- Tisserand, Robert, et al. Essential Oil Safety: a Guide for Health Care Professionals. 2nd ed., Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier, 2014.