Black Pepper Essential Oil
Black pepper is a tropical perennial that grows up to 20 feet--and sometimes taller--with heart-shaped leaves that are dark green. The black, white, and green peppercorns are products of the same plant. The green pepper is the whole fresh berry and when dried in the sun becomes black.
- Botanical Family: Piperaceae
- Part of Plant Used: Peppercorns
- Method of Extraction: Steam distillation
- Variations: Black Pepper is usually steam distilled, but can be produced as an absolute or C02 extract. The only variation is a separate species of Pink Pepper.
- Chemistry: Black Pepper is comprised of monoterpenes (d-limonene, sabinene, α-pinene, β-pinene) and sesquiterpenes (β-caryophyllene).
- Circulatory: supports a healthy circulatory system and can warm cool skin due to poor circulation
- Digestive: helps indigestion and other digestive issues
- Musculoskeletal: can alleviate muscular and joint aches and pains
- Nervous System: energizing aroma combats fatigue
- Respiratory: helps with various respiratory conditions
- Babies & Children: supports digestive issues, pain relief, and is energizing and focusing
- Pregnancy: supports circulation, digestive relief, soothes minor aches and pains like leg cramps, carpal tunnel, combats fatigue, and respiratory ailments
- Spiritual: Supports the Throat Chakra by clearing blockages, the Sacral Chakra by providing protective and grounding relationship energy, and the Root Chakra associated with survival and providing basic needs. Supports the Solar Plexus chakra associated with personal will, power, and mental ability.
- Scent Profile: Middle note that is pungent, peppery, spicy, and warming
- Longevity: The aroma of Black Pepper can last up to 48 hours.
- Fragrance Classification: Spicy
- Blends well with: Blood Orange, Cardamom, Carrot Seed, Clove, Fennel, Ginger, Grapefruit, Laurel, Lemon, Marjoram, Neroli, Niaouli, Orange, Rose, Rosemary, and Tea Tree
- According to Tisserand & Young: Black Pepper is a warming oil and can cause skin irritation and is not recommended for use in baths. If oxidized it can be even more sensitizing to the skin.
- Safe to use during pregnancy
Products Using Black Pepper Essential Oil
- Arctander, Steffen. Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin. A Pathfinder Book Reprint Edition, 2017.
- Clark, Demetria. Aromatherapy and Herbs for Pregnancy, Birth and Breastfeeding. Book Publishing Company, 2015.
- “Flavor, Fragrance, Food and Cosmetics Ingredients Information.” The Good Scents Company, The Good Scents Company (TGSC), 2019, www.thegoodscentscompany.com/.
- International Federation of Professional Aromatherapists. “PREGNANCY GUIDELINES Guidelines for Aromatherapists Working with Pregnant Clients.” International Federation of Professional Aromatherapists , IFPA, 2013, www.ifparoma.org.
- National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy. “Other Safety Considerations: Pregnancy.” National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy, naha.org/explore-aromatherapy/safety#other.
- Shutes, Jade and New York Institute of Aromatic Studies. "Foundations of Aromatherapy" and "Aromatic Scholars" Aromatherapy Certification Programs and Course Materials. 2017-2019.
- Tiran, Denise. Aromatherapy in Midwifery Practice. Singing Dragon an Imprint of Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2016.
- Tiran, Denise. “Is It Safe to Use Essential Oils While I'm Pregnant?” BabyCentre UK, BabyCentre Blog, July 2013, www.babycentre.co.uk/x536449/is-it-safe-to-use-essential-oils-while-im-pregnant.
- Tisserand, Robert, et al. Essential Oil Safety: a Guide for Health Care Professionals. 2nd ed., Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier, 2014.