Black Pepper Essential Oil
Black pepper is a tropical, perennial, that grows up to 20 feet, sometimes taller with heart shaped leaves that are dark green. The black, white, and green peppercorns are products of the same plant. The green pepper is the whole fresh berry and when dried in the sun becomes black.
- Botanical Family: Piperaceae
- Part of Plant Used: Peppercorns
- Method of Extraction: Steam distillation
- Variations: Black Pepper is usually steam distilled, but can be produced as an absolute or C02 extract, the only variation would be a separate species of Pink Pepper.
- Chemistry: Black Pepper is comprised of Monoterpenes (d-limonene, sabinene, α-pinene, β-pinene) and Sesquiterpenes (β-caryophyllene).
- Circulatory: Supports a healthy circulatory system and can warm cool skin due to poor circulation.
- Digestive: Helps indigestion and other digestive issues.
- Musculoskeletal: Can alleviate muscular and joint aches and pains.
- Nervous System: Energizing aroma combats fatigue
- Pregnancy: supports circulation, digestive relief, soothes minor aches and pains like leg cramps, combats fatigue, and respiratory ailments.
- Respiratory: Helps with various respiratory conditions
- Spiritual: Supports the Throat Chakra by clearing blockages; the Sacral Chakra by providing protective and grounding relationship energy, and the Root Chakra associated survival and providing basic needs.
- Scent Profile: Middle note that is pungent, peppery, spicy, and warming.
- Longevity: The aroma of Black Pepper can last up to 48 hours.
- Fragrance Classification: Spicy
- Blends well with: Blood Orange, Cardamom, Carrot Seed, Clove, Fennel, Ginger, Grapefruit, Laurel, Lemon, Marjoram, Neroli, Niaouli, Orange, Rose, Rosemary, and Tea Tree.
- According to Tisserand & Young: Black Pepper is a warming oil and can cause skin irritation and is not recommended for use in baths. If oxidized can be even more sensitizing to the skin.
- Safe to use during pregnancy
Ways to Use Black Pepper Essential Oil
- Clark, Demetria. Aromatherapy and Herbs for Pregnancy, Birth and Breastfeeding. Book Publishing Company, 2015.
- “Flavor, Fragrance, Food and Cosmetics Ingredients Information.” The Good Scents Company, The Good Scents Company (Tgsc), 2019, www.thegoodscentscompany.com/.
- International Federation of Professional Aromatherapists. “PREGNANCY GUIDELINES Guidelines for Aromatherapists Working with Pregnant Clients.” International Federation of Professional Aromatherapists , IFPA, 2013, www.ifparoma.org.
- National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy. “Other Safety Considerations: Pregnancy.” National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy, naha.org/explore-aromatherapy/safety#other.
- Shutes, Jade and New York Institute of Aromatic Studies. "Foundations of Aromatherapy" and "Aromatic Scholars" Aromatherapy Certification Programs and Course Materials. 2017-2019.
- Tiran, Denise. Aromatherapy in Midwifery Practice. Singing Dragon an Imprint of Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2016.
- Tiran, Denise. “Is It Safe to Use Essential Oils While I'm Pregnant?” BabyCentre UK, BabyCentre Blog, July 2013, www.babycentre.co.uk/x536449/is-it-safe-to-use-essential-oils-while-im-pregnant.
- Tisserand Institute. "Essential Oil Safety Masterclass." Course Materials. 2018.
- Tisserand, Robert, et al. Essential Oil Safety: a Guide for Health Care Professionals. 2nd ed., Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier, 2014.