Hand Sanitizer recipes being circulated with regards to the coronavirus (COVID-19) are problematic. In this updated video, I am discussing what you need to know about making your own hand sanitizer for adults and safety concerns for children and pregnant adults if including essential oils. I am sharing the formulation recommendations from the World Health Organization plus recommendations regarding amount of essential oil drops per ounce, essential oils with antiviral properties and how they work, which essential oils to avoid for children and pregnant adults, and where to buy ingredients, and other alternatives.
Kayla Fioravanti further explains the importance of understanding the percentage of alcohol needed by volume, meaning that if you use 70% isopropyl alcohol and add aloe vera to it, the aloe vera then decreases the alcohol content. Read more in The Dirty Truth About DIY Hand Sanitizer Recipes The Tisserand Institute also talks about Effective Use of Alcohol for Aromatic Blending including the solubiity of essential oils in alcohol bases and using preservatives when needed if the alcohol content is too low and for water-based products.
Hand Sanitizer Ingredients
Some sources say if getting commercially available hand sanitizer that ones with 70% isopropyl alcohol are okay, but if you are making your own at home, it is best to use 99% Isopropyl alcohol if possible though if all you have access to is 91% which you can buy in stores, it is better than nothing.
*Most sources are suggesting using Aloe Vera Gel. I experimented with this since I have all varieties on hand as an aromatherapist and herbalist. The Gel does not blend well with the alcohol base and ends up in a slimy gelatinous blob. The Aloe Vera Gelly or Juice blend more consistently with the alcohol. The consistency will be more liquidy than the thicker gel type commercial hand sanitizers so a little will go a long way. Shake well before use and you will only need a few drops to cover both hands.
Essential Oils and Phytochemicals
All plants contain Phytochemicals (plant-based chemicals) and they are a part of what endow essential oils with their therapeutic applications. Essential oils can contain hundreds of different phytochemicals that are classified into different families: Monoterpenes, Sesquiterpenes, Monoterpene Alcohols, Sesquiterpene Alcohols, Esters, Aldehydes, Ketones, Phenols, Phenylpropanoids, Ethers (Oxides), Sesquiterpene Lactones, and Furanocoumarins.
Essential oils high in Monoterpenes, Monoterpene Alcohols, Aldehydes, Phenols, and Ethers/Oxides all have antiviral properties as a result of their chemical composition. Essential Oils high in Aldehydes, Phenols, and Ethers will have additional safety concerns and some are not recommended for use on the skin in high amounts.
Antiviral Essential Oils (Just noting that while they have antiviral properties, there is yet to be clinical evidence that they work in preventing Coronavirus COVID-19)
Not recommended due to safety issues because they are skin sensitizers (not safe for children and most should be avoided during pregnancy)
Not recommended due to price or limited availability
Herb bath: add epsom salt or sea salt and herbs, though I would not bath in garlic as that would be rather pungent. Use a tea bag to prevent mess. If adding essential oils use a carrier or vegetable oil base and then add to the tub so they disperse properly.
Herbal tinctures: use grain alcohol or apple cider vinegar, add herbs to the alcohol and allow to sit for up to a month in a cool dark place, strain, bottle and you can use a dropper full by mouth or added to a beverage as needed to boost the immune system. Tinctures last for years and do not go bad.
Making You Own Soap
Melt and pour soap bases would be the best way to go about making your own soap at home. It is easy to use. You can simply melt it in a double boiler or even in the microwave in a pyrex container or glass bowl. You can add essential oils. I would recommend a 1% dilution ratio which would be about 10 drops per ounce. You can also add small amounts (1 teaspoon per pound) of Vitamin E Oil, other carrier oils like Jojoba, Sunflower Oil, or butters like shea and mango butter. Soap bases tend to be relatively colorless or white if they are goat's milk or oatmeal shea based. In the clearer bases mica works well or you can use any variety of soap dye. Mica tends to sink with goats milk and oatmeal shea. You can add herbs to soaps as well. I even add my own Florida Water which is alcohol based to my florida water soap.
Where to Buy your supplies
Lastly, if anyone local to Philadelphia needs supplies or advice, please feel free to reach out to me.
Stay safe, wash your hands, and most importantly Don't Panic.
an eclectic witch, certified aromatherapist, herbalist, perfumer, skincare formulator, and incense crafter who specializes in unique creating handcrafted perfumes, bath products, skincare products, soaps, shampoo bars, aromatherapy products, incense blends, ritual oils, botanical charms, candles, and ritual and spell supplies.